Legal and Certified Translation: Tools for Global Expansion

With businesses going global, they need reams of business agreements, contracts and certificates in multiple languages. In practical terms, when a company goes global, each of its departments goes global too.

Legal Documents, agreements and contracts entail formal parlance and even a tiny mistake may cause a lawsuit or a contract to be nullified. With globalisation, it is wise to have a reputed and reliable legal translation services provider. This allows you to concentrate on your core business and let a professional translation service handle the foreign language translations.

Translation of legal documents and certificates is a tricky assignment fraught with dangers. The translation needs to be precise, without ambiguity in the wording or phraseology and should follow the required framework prescribed by the target country. Handling legal documents requires specialist knowledge. Otherwise, your legal translations can lead to confusions and unwarranted delays, unwanted expenditure and wasted work hours.

A team of qualified people having the requisite credentials available for such precise working in a time bound manner is essential. Translators, who are industry experts, have the knowledge of industry functions and know how to use language properly with all its contextual traps and subliminal nuances are the ones to bank on. To have skilled translators who not only understand the target language like a native and its legal terminology but are also knowledgeable about the civil law and common law used Internationally in major countries are a bonus. Demand for legal translation service has increased leaps and bounds as has International trade and commerce and many companies offer these services. However, you need experienced people doing the job for you.

Because of its intrinsic complexities, legal translation service is considered a niche field which requires not only language proficiency but also a knowledge of the law, legal systems and functioning. The amount of precision required is phenomenal. Key areas of concerns in this type of translation include the accuracy involved, the differences in judicial systems across the world and legal terminologies. The language needs to be specific with a complete portrayal of all duties.

Legal or Certified Translations include:

Witness statement depositions

Trusts, wills, testimonies, etc.

Property/exhibit labels

Summons

Legal tapes, etc.

Incorporation documents

Contracts/Tenders/Agreements

Litigation documents

Immigration documents

Family matters, personal injury, civil law, employment related documents, etc.

Marks card, education certificates, affidavits

Certificates of accuracy, patents, etc.

Legal or Certified Translations can cause unwanted expenditure and delays if you don’t hire expert language professional service providers who have the necessary experience and technical know-how of legal processes. Do not go by a trial and error method. Choose the best, right from the beginning.

A reputed language services provider in this space would provide a wide range of translation services for Indian, Asian and European languages. Their professional translation services for documents should ideally cover manuals, learning material, Company Policy documents, press releases, legal agreements, contracts, tenders, and much more for any language to English and vice versa.

The list above is enough to tell you that certified translation is so essential for a global company that you would do well to onboard only the most admired LSP.

How to Find Good Legal Services Abroad

Advancement in technology has made it quick and easy to set up businesses abroad. Whether the business functions out of a brick-and- mortar office or a virtual one, doing business on an international level has become the norm. Conducting business in a foreign country entails familiarity with the host country’s laws. The legal intricacies of international trading could be quite challenging, and without the right legal guidance, a business owner may well end up paying penalties and fines, and saddled with legal hitches. What does it take to find good legal services abroad?

Areas of Specialization

One of the travails of establishments operating in a foreign country is finding good legal services. Lawyers usually specialize in one particular type of law, or other related areas. A lawyer may generally work on immigration cases, while another one may be a tax specialist. Note that there are lawyers who only render advice to their clients, and not represent them to actual court litigation.

General areas of legal practice include: personal injury, criminal law, tax, employment and family law. It is best to choose a lawyer that specializes in one’s legal concern and one that has a firm foundation in the laws of the host country.

Different Types of Lawyer

Foreign Legal Consultants may be classified as lawyers working for international law firms based in foreign countries. These attorneys may advise clients regarding the requirements and conditions of the host country’s law, but they may or may not be licensed to practice law in the country where they are based. If court representation is needed, a licensed lawyer in the country where he works is required.

Solicitors and Barristers are specialized lawyers who may be practicing in foreign countries. Solicitors generally do not represent clients in court, but advise them, and may put together legal cases for barristers to take to court.

Notaries usually do the functions of attorneys, but depending on the country they practice, their job description may vary. Notaries may draft transfers of property titles and wills. In some countries, notaries are Ministry of Justice appointees and may act as administrators in estate settlements.

Where to Find a Lawyer

Searching for a lawyer in a foreign country is no longer too tasking. Overseas embassies and consulates of most countries have listings of local lawyers who have expressed their willingness to assist citizens of another country. For example, an American in Thailand may go to the U.S. embassy and he will be furnished with a copy of local lawyers willing to assist a U.S. citizen.

There are international bar associations with local chapters that could help foreigners with their legal problems. Most of these associations and similar organizations have standing agreements with accredited members in other countries.

Law firms maintain websites. This should make it doubly easy for anyone needing legal counsel to find a qualified lawyer through this mode.

Law schools have credible law professors who may be practicing or may know a practicing lawyer in his circle. If the legal advice and drafts are needed, senior law students could handle these requirements.

Surely local contacts could refer qualified lawyers to meet one’s legal requisites.

Considerations When Selecting a Lawyer

Before settling for an attorney, there are several points to consider.

First, it is to your benefit to ask the lawyer in consideration his qualifications and experience. You may ask the lawyer’s strategy and plan in representing you. It is not impolite to ask how much his retainer fees are.

Do not hesitate to ask questions regarding your case. As your lawyer, he is expected to explain every plan and activity in a manner that you can understand.

Be very careful when turning over documents and money. Make sure that your lawyer understands and can tackle your legal concerns in a manner that is satisfactory to you. See to it that the lawyer-client confidentiality clause in the foreign country meets your expectations.

These pointers should enable you to find a qualified foreign lawyer to handle your legal needs in a suitable and agreeable manner.

Identity Theft Law – The Legal Implications and Consequences of Identity Fraud

Identity Fraud is a serious offense and identity fraud law has been enacted in the United States of America to curb this growing menace. Lawmakers and law enforcement agencies became aware of the growing incidence of identity theft and passed the Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act (ITADA) in 1998 to bring identity thieves to justice and protect the victim.

More often than not identity fraud involves online transactions and the culprit is anonymous and faceless. The process of tracing the culprit is therefore tedious and difficult but not impossible. With increasing use of the internet in day-to-day activities there has been a proportional increase in the number of identity fraud cases.

Tracking down the criminal requires coordination between various federal organizations like the FTC, postal inspection service, United States secret service, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice and the credit report agency

Identity fraud law vests the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) with the task of receiving complaints from victims of identity theft and providing them the necessary information. The FTC processes the complaint and then refers it to an appropriate authority for further necessary action.

ITADA passed by the United States Senate in 1998 identified identity thefts associated with mortgage, credit card, loans, services and commodities as punishable. With the complexity of identity thefts increasing, the Senate amended the ITADA in 2003.

The ITADA in its amended form makes it illegal for any individual to be knowingly in possession of another person’s identity without lawful authority. If the identity is used to commit, aid or abet any activity that is a violation of Federal law it is a serious federal crime and appropriate legal measures will be initiated.

The ITADA recognizes identity fraud as a serious felony and if guilt is proved in a court of law the culprit could serve up to thirty years in prison in addition to penalties.

California and Wisconsin are two states in the USA that have created an office of privacy protection entrusted with the responsibility of educating citizens about avoiding identity theft and assisting them to cope with and recover from an identity fraud.

California also enacted a data breach notification law that was later emulated by many states. This law stipulates that a company must notify all its customers of any breach of data that is identified.

Currently most states in the United States have enacted special laws to fight identity theft. Most states also have a special section within the Attorney General’s office that deals exclusively with identity theft.

You should intimate the FTC immediately after coming to know about identity theft. You can do this through email or calling up their toll free number or making a personal visit to the local FTC office. You should also inform the credit reporting agency and local police department.

Identity fraud law is relatively new and amendments will be made as conmen devise newer ways of swindling money. Being well informed and prevention is the best way to fight identity fraud.